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Transylvania, Romania


Siebenbürgen oder Transsilvanien, rumänisch Ardeal oder Transilvania nach lateinisch Transsilvania (etwa: „Gebiet jenseits der Wälder“), ungarisch Erdély, ist ein historisches und geografisches Gebiet im südlichen Karpatenraum mit einer wechselvollen Geschichte. Heute liegt Siebenbürgen im Zentrum Rumäniens.

 

 

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Central Panorama, Sibiu, SB, Transylvania, Romania
Part of the project Sibiu 3D Baroque http://www.360tourist.net/view-tour/3132 Sibiu Local Council Municipality of Sibiu Sibiu Culture House Youth Park No.1 0269/22.96.27 http://www.ccmsibiu.ro/ ccmfestsibiu@yahoo.com Born in Rome in the 16th century, the Baroque imposed itself in the architecture and the urbanism of the Central Europe hardly in the next century, proving its dynamics by the easiness it managed to mix the classical forms with the Gothic ones. This vitality allowed it to dominate until the middle of the 18th century the panoply of the architectural styles, subsidiarily standing the test of time until the half of the 19th century. The political and economic situation in Transylvania was what kept the Baroque architectural manifestation from emerging before the first half of the 18th century. Nevertheless, the manifestation comes to its end at the same time with the Central-European movement, to which it was organically connected, at the end of the 19the century. Once the Transylvania was absorbed in the Habsburg Empire (1691) and some major architecture programs were materialized, the Baroque entered in the new imperial province, being firstly reflected by the military edifices, followed by the Catholic churches, along with the monastic urban assemblies and with the Jesuit schools, but also by the official buildings. There must be also mentioned the civilian architecture programs, represented by the headquarters of some governing and administration imperial institutions. Sibiu, as capital of Transylvania between 1692-1791 is the best fit for this pattern. The Baroque in Sibiu represents, without any shadow of doubt, an expression of the Habsburg dominion. At the same time, it stands for the counter-offensive of the Catholicism, on the trend of Counter-reform, at the fact that the Saxon population adopted Martin Luther’s Reform in the 16th century. The Baroque representation in Sibiu did not mean only a touch and retouch of the facades of the Gothic and Renaissance expression edifices, but a reorganization of the medieval citadel’s urbanism, as well. The new artistic phenomena restructured a series of spaces, which the citizens were very acquainted with. Therefore, this expressed itself on more directions: spiritually, culturally and socially, if we look at it from the architectural style point of view. The major urban projects of the Empire were planned and executed in such a manner, that they marked in decisive way the central urban space of the old Hermann’s burg. The building of the three major edifices (The Brukenthal Palace, the Roman-Catholic Church and the Filek House) which dominate the Old City’s center demanded a series of re-configurations and re-dimensioning. As it used to do, from Europe to the Latin America, the empire imposed on its territories not only the political program, but only the architectural print. From an artistic and stylistic point of view, the Baroque in Sibiu brings some new elements: 1) The assertion and the establishment of the political situation through the building of the Roman-Catholic church by the Jesuit monks. 2) The emergence of the noble urban residences having a representation status is related to the traditional aristocracy and to the new patrician families, as well, invested with titles by the Austrian emperor. 3) The cross-bar configuration of the two noble urban residences in the main city square represents a significant assertion of House of Hapsburg’s policy to the edges of its empire. The Baroque in Sibiu is represented nowadays in the variety of the compositions, of the architectural and decorative register, what invests the city with a unitary succession of diverse images. Although it was somehow strained to manifest in a curdled urban frame, where the political authority of absolutist manner coexisted with an autonomous community, the Baroque phenomena did not convert the medieval Sibiu into a Baroque town, but offered instead the chance of a unitary coexistence, manifested also on the confessional and cultural level.
Arena Platos Entrance, County Sibiu, Region Transylvania, Romania
Arena Platos Entrance, County Sibiu, Region Transylvania, Romania Orar Decembrie - Aprilie: Zilnic: 10:00 - 17:00 Nocturna: Miercuri, Vineri, Sambata: 17:00 - 22:00 Evenimente, Media & Marketing: Cristina Badiu Email: cristina.badiu@arenaplatos.ro Mobil: 0731 270 887 Pachet Arena Platos & Tabere Ski & Snowboard: Alexandra Suciu Email: alexandra.suciu@arenaplatos.ro Mobil: 0736 108 350 http://www.arenaplatos.ro
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Ocna city of Sibiu , Sibiu , Transylvania, Romania
Ocna Sibiu is a tourist resort located in Sibiu County , in southern Transylvania Depression hilly ( Sibiu Depression northwest ) 15 km north of Sibiu , in the valley of dream, in a region surrounded by centuries-old oak forest and a basement The first resort was established here in 1845 and since then , Ocna Sibiu has attracted fame due helioterme lakes formed on the site of the old salt mines collapsed . On the salt is more saline lakes ( former mines collapsed ) . Many of them have a salt concentration of 260 grams / liter . Lake Avram Iancu (formerly mine \ Temperate climate , rich air aerosols over the average annual temperature in this part of the country and the recent refurbishment of Strand, brought back to fame last resort . Ocna Sibiu presents archaeological interest here being discovered tools from the Bronze Age (1900-800 BC) , who are exposed to Brukenthal Museum .
ASTRA National Museum Complex
"ASTRA" Museum of Traditional Folk Civilization is the largest outdoor museum in Romania and the second in Europe. It covers a surface of 96 ha, out of which the exhibition itself occupies 42 hectare and it is enriched year after year with 4-5 monuments. Situated in the natural reservation “Dumbrava Sibiului”, with a lake inside and over ten kilometers of alleys, this museum does not offer only cultural services, but also touristic and recreational ones. The visitors are welcomed to: the “Diana” Guesthouse, the “Tulgheş” Inn, the “Veştem” Inn, the “Cârciuma din Bătrâni” tavern. For a more delightful time there, the museum organizes boat rows, cariole rides and sleigh rides. In 2011 "ASTRA" Museum of Traditional Folk Civilization was awarded by the Michelin Green Guide the highest distinction: three stars.
Center of Culture and Dialog "Friedrich Teutsch" of the Evanghelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania, Sibiu, Transilvania, Romania
Center of Culture and Dialog "Friedrich Teutsch" of the Evanghelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania Str. Mitropoliei Nr. 30, RO - 550179 Sibiu / Hermannstadt Tel: +40 (0) 269/ 206 730 casa.teutsch@gmail.com http://www.teutsch.ro HISTORY - A mass exodus of Romanian Germans took place after opening of the national borders resulting from the revolution of 1989. This confronted the Evanghelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania with new challenges. One of the most important tasks became the rescue, collection and preservation of the art, culture and archival possesions. The idea was proposed that a central place in Sibiu/Hermannstadt could be established in witch the archives and objects could not only be preserved, but also organized, restored and evaluated. This would benefit researchers, students and other interested individuals as well as the church. Named for Bishop Friedrich Teutsch, a historian and cultural scientist, a “Culture Orphanage” was developed from the building complex containing the former orphanage and St. John’s Church, originally build from 1883-1911. This “Culture Orphanage” together with the Erasmus Bookshop and Cafe and other partners is unique in Romania. THE CENTRAL ARHIVE of the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania, which opened 2004, forms the heart of the Friedrich Teutsch House. It focuses on the period from the 17 to the 20 century but contains a rich tradition from the middle ages as well. Archival material from all church offices and from over 280 congregations is kept here. In adition, there are documents, bequests, a collection of early prints and a picture archive. It is also possible to preserve private collections in the Archive and receive assistance in their preparation. THE ARCHIVE LIBRARY, with am emphasis on the history of the members of the Evanghelical Church A.C. in Romania, has at his disposal approximately 14.000 titles of specialized literature and periodicals in the German, English, Hungarian and Romania languages. THE CHURCH MUSEUM - opened in 2007 on the top floor, contains approximately 350 square meters of exhibition space. A comprehensive overview of the history of the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania, its congregational life and its worship life, is portrayed here. Sacred works of art and cultural artifacts, altarpieces, sacred vessels, sculptures, bells as well as valuable textiles and printings can be viewed. Along the permanent exhibitions, temporary exhibits and photo exhibits have been on display on the top floor since 2004. Included with the sphere of the museum is the St. John’s Chapel, witch has been open since 2007 for prayer, devotional services, whorship services, tours and chamber and organ concerts through the prayer initiative Ora-et-labora. INFORMATION AND ECUMENISM - since 2004 the Teutsch House has a seminar room on the top floor available for use for scientific, educational or cultural events. The multi-purpose Terrace Hall can also be used for external events. Equipped with the latest technology, it is home to: The Ecumenical Research Institute of Hermannstadt with an extensive research library ( http://www.ecum.ro ), open since 2006 The editorial staff of the monthly journal “Kirchliche Blätter” (“Church Pages”) ( http://www.evang.ro/kirchliche.blaetter ) as well as The Religious Education Material Depository of the Lutheran Church ( http://www.evang.ro )
Brukenthal National Museum – Brukenthal Palace: European Art Galleries
Appointed Governor of the Principality of Transylvania, a position that he occupied between 1777 and 1787, Samuel von Brukenthal built a Late Baroque palace in Sibiu, modelled on the palaces in the imperial capital. The Brukenthal Palace is one of the most significant Baroque buildings in Romania, its construction taking place between the years 1778 and 1788. The building was raised to serve as the Baron’s official residence and a worthy display case for his collections. Brukenthal Palace and the collections put together by Baron Samuel von Brukenthal represent the nucleus of the present Brukenthal National Museum – the first museum opened to the public on today’s Romanian territories through the testamentary dispositions of hid founder. The main façade of the building, juts out from the front line of other buildings in the square, and was built later, in a more restrained Baroque style. The central element of the façade is the stone framing of the gate, supported by columns and a projecting entablature. It is decorated with carved elements, such as the gilded coat of arms of Samuel von Brukenthal, as well as other Baroque features: urns, rosettes, festoons.
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The sports Falcons Paltinis
The sports Falcons have the following facilities: Accommodation - 56 beds in rooms with 4-6 beds, shared bathroom; - INIS (teacher-trainers); - 17 beds in 2-4 bed rooms with private bathroom; - 22 beds in two-bedded room and bathroom. Table - the dining room with the capacity of 60 seats; - Complete menu. Personal - 7 employees (manager, cook, cook helper, teacher, personal care); - 2 teachers and a ski instructor. The sports - A land measuring 40m / 20m for football, handball, basketball, etc; - Ski slope for beginners equipped with electrical cable (babyschi); - A gym where they can carry out different activities: gymnastics, aerobics, table tennis, judo, karate, fun games, etc. Other facility - sauna; - Mini-gym workout; - Mini TV, wireless internet. Background The sports Falcons Paltinis is located 30km from Sibiu. Paltinis resort in Romania is located at the highest altitude, 1442m. Additional information by phone: 0269232076.
Chairlift Paltinis
Păltiniş chairlift was founded in 1971 and has a cable plant with a total of 52 seats by 2 person with a speed of 2m / s and 360 people per hour . It was modernized in 2011 and deseveşte Onceşti slope length of 1050 meters with a difference of 241m , with 17 poles lift . Slope is provided with a 400m lift for beginners and children , with a difference of 138m . Parties have also nocturne and in 2013 was equipped with snow cannons . The chairlift operates all year round , not just in winter to enjoy the beauty of mountains and mountain tourists coming veriiş not only during winter sport lovers . The resort is 32 km from the city through a modern and well maintained road that runs through a beautiful landscape both in winter and summer. Slope also has two Apresski sites , one on the slope , the other on top of the slope , the arrival station , with extraordinary panoramic views and outdoor terraces , where tourists and winter sports lovers can enjoy all day with juices, Opening hours are from 08:00 19:00.
Aerial Sibiu City, Sibiu County, Transilvania, Romania
Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania and along with the city of Luxembourg, it was designated a European Capital of Culture for the year 2007. Formerly the centre of the Transylvanian Saxons, the old city of Sibiu was ranked as Europe's 8th most idyllic place to live by Forbes.
Transfagarasan , Sibiu , Transylvania, Romania
On Bascov the village after village 61 km beyond the so-called Transfăgărăşan Arefu start portion , a length of about 91 km. Transfăgărăşan ( the prefix \ The road built over the Fagaras Mountains, the highest mountain range in Romania , which is part of the Southern Carpathians , which is a paved road near the tunnel near Balea Lake , reaching an altitude of 2042 m Transfăgărăşan is ranked second in altitude road in Romania after Transalpina ( DN67C ) to 2145 m in the Parang Mountains . The first segment of the hydroelectric Transfăgărăşan through the massive underground fortress located Vidraru . From here, near the city Poenari serpentine road climbs and viaducts , through three short tunnels reaching the dam that connects with his 307 m and Vidraru Pleasa Mountains . Crossing the dam , the road continues along the left side of the lake at the beginning of Vidraru up . The winding road begins to climb , passing Goat Falls up to tunnel from the southern part of the Balea Lac Capra , where a length of 887 m crosses the Fagaras Mountains . Balea Tunnel , the longest tunnel in Romania , with a height of 4.4 m, 6 m wide and a sidewalk with a width of 1 m , lighting, but airflow , link to the north of Transfăgărăşan . The north side of the road after passing through the tunnel Balea Transfăgărăşan alpine nature reserve and Lake Balea Balea glacial lake followed by a steep downhill switchbacks . Pass near Balea waterfall , which is a stepped waterfall about 68 m, the largest of its kind in Romania , and is at an altitude of about 1230 mdM In winter , usually from November 1 until June 30 ( the area between mile 104 to mile 130 Piscu Black and Balea Waterfall ) when Transfăgărăşan closed road to Balea Lake can be reached by cable car One of the most difficult sections of Transfăgărăşan is between Balea Lake Balea Waterfall and a length of 13 km. From Balea Cascada until the intersection with the road and the European route E68 DN1 or near the village Cârţişoara , there are 21 km . Transfăgărăşan go over 830 bridges , 27 viaducts , for its construction had to be deployed several million tons of rock , were used for this example : 6520 tons of dynamite , of which 20 tonnes only tunnel Capra - Transfăgărăşan was built between 1970 - 1974 during the reign of Nicolae Ceausescu , who wanted to provide a strategic road over the mountains . The inauguration took place in September 20 1974. Road over Fagaras Mountains was done with considerable material efforts and with the price of many lives of soldiers and workers who contributed to its construction . Official says 40 people are dead because this road to cross the mountains , but after 35 years people are still alive talking to hundreds of lives lost. Responding to an interview , a witness of the time said the dam had died only about 400 boys . DN7C high mountain area is open to road traffic only between July and October of each year , as the road is snowy in the winter , and his dezăpezirea is impractical . In winter, this road is allowed access road on the south side just longer than the Capra (km 104 - Piscu Black , Arges ) ), and on the north to Balea cascade (km 131). Even in summer , the road is a dangerous one , with very many turns and the speed limit is imposed at 40 km / h
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